- Publications** Click on the Paper Icon to downloadConference Proceedings Paper"A Productive Permaculture Campus in the Desert. Visions for Qatar University"__________________________7th International Aesop Sustainable Food Planning Conference Proceedings, Torino, 7‐9 October 2015, edited by Giuseppe Cinà and Egidio Dansero, Torino, Politecnico di Torino, 2015, pp 453‐462. ISBN 978‐88‐8202‐060‐6Abstract:In Qatar food and water security are high on the agenda of safe and sustainable development. At the same time, rapid urbanization which is not integrated with ecological landscape design is contributing urban sprawl, fragmented landscapes and to the loss of biodiversity. At Qatar University, the architecture department has been working for several years on the concept of regenerative cities to develop an integrated approach to planning and design and to increase resource efficiency and quality of life. This has led to research and projects on edible landscapes at the campus to contribute to food supply to the University, while at the same time promoting biodiversity on the campus. Using examples from Edible Campuses worldwide, as well as literature on Permaculture, Food Urbanism and Edible landscapes, students and faculty identified strategies and best practices for implementing this vision for Qatar University. An analysis of the campus and existing and future buildings and landscapes was undertaken, to identify the types of interventions – retrofitting of existing buildings with green roofs and green walls and biodiversity habitats, transformation of existing landscapes, use of empty lands for food production, and modification of the urban design of future buildings with integrated food gardens. The Permaculture approach includes the concept of systems thinking and maximum resource efficiency. The project also includes awareness campaigns, citizen participation and the collection of quantitative data on the concept of Food Miles, that is the amount of miles food travels until it reaches our plate.Conference Proceedings Paper"Sustainable Urbanism: Towards Edible Campuses in Qatar and the Gulf Region"__________________________Proceedings of the 8th Conf. Int. Forum Urban., A011, dio: 10.3390/ifou-A011. True Smart and Green City 8th Conference of the International Forum on UrbanismAbstract:As University Campuses worldwide are striving to become more sustainable and resource efficient, some are beginning to also develop the concept of the Edible Campus, which includes implementing spaces to grow food within the University Grounds. These initiatives are first and foremost to provide the users with healthy and sustainable food, but also to educate the University population about the production of food and the resources involved. Producing food on a campus not only reduces the food print, that is the energy that is required to bring the food from distant fields to the plate, but also allows more efficient resource use and recycling, for example the recycling of organic waste as compost and the use of grey water in irrigation. Dormant lands – green fields – can be used to produce crops, and decorative landscapes can be converted into productive landscapes with food and medicinal plants. Edible boulevards are constructed with fruit bearing trees, and can still have urban and climatic functions of providing shade. A permaculture approach to food production can also contribute to increasing biodiversity on the campus, with careful combinations of plants that repel harmful insects but attracts multiple species. So, How can the concept of Edible Campus be applied in Qatar and the Gulf Region, in a dry land climate? This research looks at the different practices and modes of producing food in dry lands and proposes an application at Qatar University campus. It builds on previous research on Food Urbanism in Doha, and on a prototype Edible Boulevard and Edible Rooftop Garden being implemented at the College of Engineering.Article"Scales of Flows: Qatar and the Urban Legacies of Mega Events"__________________________ArchNet-IJAR . Jul2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p173-191. 19p.Abstract:In 2022, Qatar will become the first Middle Eastern and Arab country to host such an important Mega-Event as the FIFA World Cup. Global cultural and sporting Mega Events have driven the urban transformation of cities such as Barcelona, London, Rio, Beijing, Shanghai, and Lisbon and the spectacle and economic boosterism encourages cities to compete on the World Stage for these events. The best practices of successful bids and their enduring legacies create a knowledge and policy flow of Mega Event strategies for global branding and sustainable Urban, Social, and Economic Development at the local and regional scales. This paper discusses the urban legacies that will result from Qatar hosting the World Cup and other Mega Events, and questions how an emerging global host city like Doha will benefit on the long and short term. The FIFA World Cup is acting as a catalyst for the implementation of a public transport infrastructure, and good urban design will be able to remediate many of the negative effects of unplanned or badly planned developments, Particular attention should be placed around the transit nodes so that they be used as opportunities to encourage many modes of public or pedestrian transport, at the same time creating new public spaces that can help to create a new public realm and to connect soft mobility networks, reweaving the disparate fragments of the city.Book Chapter"Cyprus: Greening in the Dead Zone"__________________________
Grichting, A. (2013). "Cyprus. Greening the Dead Zone". Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, Resilience, and Community Greening. Springer Edition. Edited by Keith G Tidball & Marianne Krasny, Cornell University, USA. DOI10.1007/978-90-481-9947-1_33Abstract:
The Green Line Buffer Zone that has divided the island of Cyprus since 1974 is often referred to as the Dead Zone. It is not a line, but a swathe of land that acts as a buffer between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. Patrolled by the United Nations, it is a ‘thick border’ according to the categories of borders described by Michel Butor, ‘a corridor of death, desolation and barbed wire’ (which) holds the possibility of softening to ‘become the very image of the crossing of frontiers’ (Butor et al. 1989). Similar to other military enclaves, the Buffer Zone is trapped in a status quo that has frozen the development and exploitation of the land, allowing unexpected natures to flourish. This has resulted in the softening of the deadly rift through a rich landscape of biodiversity that hosts a number of endangered species in Cyprus. The preservation of this precious flora and fauna, as well as associated ecological and cultural initiatives, offer a building block for collaboration between the communities on both sides of the dividing line and an opportunity for new narratives and strategies of reconciliation based on a common, sustainable future. This chapter describes a project being developed by the author to make the ‘Green Line greener’, envisioning the transformation of the military fault line into an ecological seam through the web of environmental and cultural initiatives that are taking place across the Green Line.Book Chapter"From the Ground Up: New Ecologies of Peace in Landscapes of Conflict in the Green Line of Cyprus"__________________________
Grichting, A. (2011). From the ground up: The Cyprus Green Line and Ecologies of Peace in Landscapes of Conflict in S. Egoz et al. (Eds.), The Right to Landscape: Contesting Landscape and Human Rights. Ashgate Publishing, UK, pp. 277-289Abstract:
The Peace Prize awarded to Wangari Maathai in 2004 for her grassroots Green Belt Movement marked an awakening to the potency of community environmental projects in contributing to reconciliation and sustainable coexistence between humans and nature. In this chapter I explore the idea of grassroots involvement in linear landscapes in liminal conditions - this is, in border zones of conflict - and, more specifically, in the interstitial spaces that are confined in military buffer zones and extracted from the pressures of development. The premise is that a Right to Landscape can be asserted within, and inserted into a long, these landscape lines, which are envisaged as future backbones for reconciliation and healing.
My focus is a project proposal for the Green Line Buffer Zone of Cyprus, using the landscape approach that suggests an alternative and forward-looking vision for this dividing line. Envisioned from the ground up - it is proposing strategies of ecological planning that are built on the positive evolutions - that is, the resilience of nature and the preservation of biodiversity - within the front lines, as well as on the matrix of existing or possible environmental, social and cultural collaborations between the communities on either side to the dividing line. This territorial chasm represents both a physical and a psychological wound for the Cypriot communities, conferring to it the role of a unique and symbolic territory.Conference Proceedings Paper"Boundaries in Movement. The Cyprus Buffer Zone as a Third Landscape"__________________________
Grichting, A. (2010). Boundaries in Mouvement. The Cyprus Buffer Zone as a Thirds Landscape. In D. Sanchez-Bengoa & D. Powell (Eds.), TOP Biodiversity. Threats, Opportunities and Paces. Conference Proceedings. Cyprus, Sept 2010. pp. 83-101.
In contemporary questions of landscape planning and design, dynamic or unexpected natures have become increasingly recognized for their ecological value and for their contribution to the preservation of biodiversity. Gilles Clement, a French horticultural engineer and landscape architect, describes marginal sites abandoned to nature as Third Landscapes, and puts forward their qualities as prime areas for accumulating biodiversity. These "undecided pieces of the Global garden", the neglected areas where biodiversity thrives, can be considered as the earth's genetic resevior. Clement has also developed a landscaping strategy, the Garden in Movement which accommodates and orchestrates these spontaneous natures, extracting or enhancing certain species to create an evolving landscape that is guided by the historical, cultural and ecological conditions surrounding the site. This paper presents a reading of the Green Line of Cyprus as a Third Landscape and vision for its future based on Clement's dynamic landscaping strategy. This concept for the Boundary in Movement builds on the positive evolutions that have taken place in the Buffer Zone - including the proliferation of endangered species of flora and fauna - and makes reference to other similar boundary-scapes, such as the Korean Demilitarized Zone and the Iron Curtain Green Belt.Book Chapter"Landscapes of the Green Line of Cyprus: Healing the rift"__________________________
Grichting, A. (2010). Landscapes of the Green Line of Cyprus: Healing the rift. In E. Kuhlwein & E. Karatas (Eds.), Climate Change: A Challenge for Europe and Cyprus, Rotation Verlag, pp 36-47.Abstract:
The UN controlled Green Line occupies approximately 3% of the land mass of the island of Cyprus. Frozen in a military status quo for the past 35 years, this strip of land swallows up abandoned rural villages, agricultural lands that lie fallow, and stone buildings that crumble in the historic city of Nicosia. On the up side, this landscape has escaped the construction boom on both sides of the Green Line, meadows have recovered from the contamination with pesticides and artificial fertilizers, hillside forests have been preserved, and wildlife has been allowed to flourish. Similar to other military buffer zones worldwide, the most salient example being the Korean Demilitarized Zone, the Green Line has, due to its isolation, become really "green", that is, it has become a haven for biodiversity. The year 2010 being the International Year of Biodiversity - as designated by the United Nations - as well as the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the Republic of Cyprus, leads us to reflect on how this UN controlled Buffer Zone, could be transformed from a military dividing line into a new landscape of cultural and biological diversity, and this through a process that brings together the communities on both sides in a common project for an ecologically and socially sustainable future.Article"Thirdscapes: Ecological planning and human reconciliation in borderlands"__________________________
Grichting, A. (2009). Thirdscapes: Ecological planning and human reconciliation in borderlands. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability. Volume 5, Issue 6, pp.239-256.Abstract:
This research inquires into new ways of associating ecological planning and conflict resolution in the recycling of boundaries and presents the concept of Thirdscapes. Thirdscapes investigates existing constructs of thirding or trialectics as conceptual frameworks that can assist us in the resolution of conflict and in the construction of sustainable landscapes of reconciliation. The concept is proposed as an alternative to the polarized and dialogical entrenchments of our mental and physical scapes and includes: Third Landscapes as they relate to spontaneous natures containing greater biodiversity and leading to ecological planning; Third Spaces as they define our relationship to the Other; Third Time, the time that corresponds to the process of constructing memory and achieving sustainable reconciliation, amongst others. More specifically, the concept will be applied to the Liminal Landscapes located within boundaries and territories in conflict, as an instrument to address the rift between societies, territories and ecologies, and as a new lens that can lead to innovative ways of thinking and projecting these spaces of rupture. In doing so, it proposes a sustainable process that associates environmental remediation with psychological healing and addresses the questions of memory and reconstruction.Conference Paper"Fences, Walls and Borders: State of Insecurity?"__________________________Grichting, A. (2011). Fences, Walls and Borders: State of Insecurity? Co-Organized by Raoul Danduran Chair of Diplomatic Studies, University of Quebec in Montreal and the Association for Borderland Studies ABS. 17-18 May 2011.Abstract:Co-Organized by the Raoul Danduran Chair of Strategic and Diplomatic Studies of the University of Quebec in Montreal and the Association for Borderland Studies (ABS) the conference on “Walls, Borders, Fences: States of Insecurity” opened with the question? “Do good fences still make good neighbours”? The organizers, Elizabeth Vallet and Charles-Philippe David - Professors at the Raoul Dandurand Chair - both underscored the increasingly multicultural and interdisciplinary nature of the field of border studies and gave the opening remarks of the conference. From artists and curators, to policy makers and planners, geographers and cartographers, political and social scientists and representatives from the naval and customs academies, – a wide range of disciplinary fields and geographic sites were represented. The principal themes of the conference - security and insecurity - were addressed through the lens of International Relations, Legal Dimensions of Walls and the question of Walls and Identities. Discussions included historical case studies, global analysis of the resurgence of borders, artistic representations and media narratives of walls, borders, the flows of migrations, environmental and social impacts, borderland security and the Security Industrial complex. Vallet evoked the return of the theme of Walls and Fences in Political Science and International Relations despite the prediction of the end of the nation state and the territorial flows resulting from globalization.Conference Proceedings Paper"Urban regeneration: Qatar projects and perspectives"__________________________
Grichting, A. (October 2012). Urban regeneration: Qatar Projects and Perspectives. Qatar Foundation Annual Research Forum, 21-23 Oct 2012. Qatar National Convention CenterAbstract:Regeneration may be induced by various drivers or catalysts - such as the improvement of neighborhoods, the introduction of art and culture, the construction of iconic architecture, the reactivating of ecologies, the restoring of landscapes and archaeologies, the recycling of transport and industrial infrastructures, the revitalization of communities and economies. Good cities are dynamic and constantly reinventing themselves and Qatar has a number of existing or potential projects that can be classified as regeneration projects. This research was carried out as part of a course in Design and Regeneration in the Master in Urban Planning and Design at Qatar University. The objectives were to understand the many concepts, typologies and processes of urban regeneration and to reflect on how these could relate to and be applied in Qatar, and to speculate on scenarios and strategies of development. Regeneration projects were examined through varied lenses and in different geographical and morphological contexts. A series of sites were then identified in Qatar which presented opportunities to apply a variety of types and strategies of regeneration. These included: Abu Nakhla Reservoir, West Bay, Al Jumail Village, Al Thakira Village and Mangrove Park and Labour Housing in the Industrial Zone. Site visits were conducted with faculty and experts, and data was collected. took into account national and city. One of the objectives of the course and research was to discuss what regeneration means in an emerging metropolis such as Doha and in a fast-growing economy like Qatar. The research and projects were successful in developing critical thinking and raising important questions concerning the concept of regeneration in Qatar and initiating an important discussion and the blog was initiated as an interactive tool for dissemination and debate.Book Chapter"What makes Doha today different from Dubai ten years ago?"__________________________
Grichting, A. (2013). “What makes Doha today different from Dubai ten years ago?” in Middle East. Landscape, City, Architecture. .Josep Lluis Mateo, Krunoslav Ivanisin (ed): Park Books, ETH,Zurich, pp 92,93.Abstract:Part of the Architectural Papers series, The Middle East explores the architecture of a nearly paradoxical region. Both the cradle of culture, where much remains of thousands of years of human society, the Middle East is also an area of great flux in contemporary history. This volume explores this dichotomy in three sections. The first, “Beyond the View,” investigates notions of the Middle Eastern architecture through a comparative study of different parts of the Arab world. “Case Studies” focuses on three exceptionally different cities—Beirut, Amman, and Doha—through an investigation of recent and future building projects. The final chapter, “Limits” looks at the architectural practices of countries that constitute the geographic, cultural, and political limits of the region: Israel, Turkey, and Iran.This issue of Architectural Papers brings together material about the contemporary practice of architecture in the Middle East. The Middle East, a central place due to its history and geographical position, formalizes some of today’s tensions. Here, the destruction - construction dialectic appears without metaphors alongside the tensions between identity and cosmopolitanism that have always accompanied modernism and which, in times of globalization, must be regarded in a new light. The book is published by Park Books. Contributions by: Yasar Adanali, Khaled Adham, George Arbid, Mohammad al-Asad, Marianne Baumgartner, Ulrich Bellwood, Rami Daher, Saba Ghasemizadeh, Anna Grichting Soldner, Sahel al-Hiyari, Anna Hotz, Krunoslav Ivanisin, Ibrahim Jaidah, Ömer Kanipak, Bernard Khoury, Bechara Malkoun, Hoda Muller Khanbani, Josep Lluis Mateo, Cecilia Obiol, Ashraf Salama, Wael Samhouri, Han Tümertekin, and Ala' Zreigat.Conference Proceedings Paper"Designing Productive Landscapes for Increased Consumption in an Emerging Desert Metropolis. The Case of Doha"__________________________
Grichting, A., Asadi, R., Al Amawi, R.(2013). Designing Productive Landscapes for Increased Consumption in an Emerging Desert Metropolis. The Case of Doha. Panel on “Gulf Cities as Interfaces”, Gulf Research Meeting, 2nd -– 5th July 2013, Cambridge University, UK.Abstract:As Qatar is preparing to host the FIFA World Cup in 2022 and submitting a bid for the 2024 Summer Olympic Games, the country is pushing forward with large infrastructural developments which include public and private transport, tourism and hospitality venues, as well as a number of cultural spaces and educational institutions. While these will respond to the logistical and consumption needs of such mega events and the aspirations to develop a diversified economy, another question related to more basic consumption needs is that of food production and food security. Qatar – similar to its dryland neighbors – has limited land and water resources, and challenging soil typology restrains its agricultural production. The country’s current levels of domestic agricultural output satisfy no more than ten percent of total national food consumption needs, and 99 percent of the water supply is provided by desalination. In light of these extreme conditions, it is important to find new approaches to design strategies that create a symbiosis between buildings and landscape and to explore the possibilities of creating urban food systems and edible landscapes. As a new paradigm for the Design Disciplines, the question of food security prompts a necessity for innovative projects that integrate food production, maximizing productivity and minimizing land use, water, and energy resources. Food urbanism can be considered as an interface between food production, food consumption, and urban and architectural spaces. e concept of Footprint looks at these production-consumption chains to evaluate the energy and waste created in the process through all the different interfaces and movements of the products such as transportation, storage, and packaging.